February 2023

Point of application of horizontal load on bridges – Cazzon

In India, some bridge engineers have doubts on point of application of horizontal load. Some people consider the point of application of longitudinal and transverse load at the bearing level. Longitudinal force : The longitudinal forces shall be considered as acting horizontally through the knuckle pins in case of bearings having rocking arrangement or through

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Grouting in Tunnel

Jet Grouting (Horizontal): – An efficient and versatile technical solution for tunnelling in different soil, usually with high granulometry, the presence of intense water flow and high hydraulic gradient. The construction of the Main tunnel and Escape Tunnel through quaternary deposits, consisted of silty-clayey soil with gravels, pebbles, cobbles and occasionally boulders. Horizontal Jet Grouting

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